One robot to every home and office: Industry 4.0 Digest No. 14

Topic of the week: robots everywhere
The coronavirus pandemic and massive business transition to online have spurred digitalization. One example is the introduction of robots. They can work longer and complete tasks faster than people, and do not get sick or get tired. Here are a few areas where robots are already helping company employees.

CloudMinds has sent robots to China’s Wuhan province, which has been hit hardest by the pandemic. They disinfect hospitals, measure the temperature of patients, and distribute medicines. During the spread of infectious diseases, robots are especially useful, they cannot get infected.

Another area where machines help humans is counseling. The robots independently analyze the symptoms of patients and make a diagnosis. This leaves doctors with more time for difficult cases.

Call center professionals often have to answer the same questions and perform repetitive tasks. The routine can be transferred to chatbots. In addition, artificial intelligence will be useful for employees and when working with more complex problems. For example, he can analyze the database and find situations similar to the one faced by the employee. In this way, the staff will quickly find the right solution for the client.

Self-driving trucks based on artificial intelligence will become good assistants for logisticians. They are connected to the goods accounting system, so they can easily find the desired item in large warehouses. In addition, these robots can work without interruptions and vacations, which means they are cheaper for companies.

Digital technologies are also successfully used in the delivery of parcels. For example, artificial intelligence will help you choose the most convenient and fastest route for a courier or sort orders correctly. Some US startups such as Kiwibot, Starship Technologies and Nuro use courier drones to bring goods to customers. As a result, shipping becomes cheaper.

Week overview
How new technologies are changing the economy

According to a McKinsey study, in the world, only 4% of corporations have completely digitalized all business processes. According to this indicator, the media and entertainment industry is in the lead with a level of 62%. Among the least digitalized are finance (39%), the auto industry (32%) and the production of FMCG goods (31%). Most often, companies use the Internet and cloud technologies, while 3D printing and augmented reality are not yet so widespread. Here are examples of agriculture and mining. These are the sectors that are now actively introducing new technologies:

Industry representatives start from the concept of precision farming. According to this strategy, companies need to manage all processes using digital technologies. For example, artificial intelligence helps plan sowing and harvest times, drones keep track of wind strength and humidity, and IoT technology allows efficient fertilization.

Livestock also uses big data and machine learning. These solutions enable farmers to identify diseases in livestock at an early stage and adjust their diets. As a result, animals die 15% less often.

Extractive industry
The main drivers of innovation in this sector are increased competition and requirements for environmental friendliness of production. Therefore, it is important for companies to use resources sparingly, primarily electricity. IoT technologies and artificial intelligence help in this. For example, thanks to them, Severstal saves $ 10 million on electricity annually.

Another area of ‚Äč‚Äčapplication of new technologies is geological exploration. Companies are using drones to better analyze the terrain and start mining faster. In addition, drones help keep miners safe. The Norilsk Nickel company is developing a drone that will be able to autonomously move underground and monitor the state of tunnels and mines.

Augmented reality technologies also play an important role. They allow new employees to adapt faster in production. In the virtual space, they learn to operate the equipment and learn what to do in emergency situations. Thanks to AR technologies, they are less afraid of making mistakes, which means they better absorb the material. As a result, the number of industrial accidents decreases.

AI will guard the border between the US and Mexico.

The American company TuSimple will create a transport company based on unmanned trucks.

Micro robots can be effective substitutes for pesticides.

With the help of robots, Sony assembles each new PlayStation in 30 seconds.

Spheres of ceramic fiber and graphite will protect the nuclear reactor of a nuclear power plant from melting

Artificial intelligence helps develop batteries

RSPP proposes to introduce standards in the field of the digital economy

Case of the week
Data transfer for fast response

The work of ambulances, rescue services, and firefighters depends on how quickly they arrive at the patient or at the scene. This is where 5G will help. This technology will also allow emergency personnel to get all the data they need without delay. For example, firefighters can view a detailed plan of a burning building and choose the best way to extinguish it, while doctors can get access to a patient’s electronic medical record or hold an urgent consultation with doctors.

Fast transmission of data from different sources is critical in emergency response. The 5G system will allow more extensive use of drones and robots in rescue operations. With the help of fast data transfer, emergency workers will be able to use the possibilities of augmented reality. For example, AR technology will help firefighters see better in a smoky environment.

What to listen to
The release of the podcast “Deloitte. Point of View ” talks about digitalization in the judicial system. In this episode, Elena Avakyan, a lawyer and LegalTech expert, spoke about online justice, as well as robots, big data and AI in courts. For example, in Australia, spouses can divorce using artificial intelligence.

What to see
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have made a robotic chemist. He can work 20 hours a day and conduct experiments 1,000 times faster and more accurate than humans. He has already helped scientists find a new photocatalyst six times more powerful than existing ones. It is a substance that decomposes into water and hydrogen in sunlight. Thanks to the photocatalyst, it is possible to produce “green” hydrogen more efficiently. You can watch the robot in action in the video