Technology

What technologies came to us from the world of science fiction

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Films and books are often futuristic harbingers. Certain discoveries are described with such precision that it is possible to believe that they were writing about the ability to create a time machine. We present innovations that were born from the fantasy world. Genetic engineering
English novelist Aldous Huxley, in his novel Brave New World, predicted the development of the concept of gene engineering. In 1932, at a time when scientists had not yet begun to think about the possibility of such a breakthrough in medical research, Huxley published a book about the future in the distance. Based on the plot that by the year 2541, babies were no longer natural-born and were born in incubators. The people were divided into five different castes, determined from birth. The people who are likely to be a part of lower castes and be a worker or servant are purposefully diminished during the process of the embryo’s development. In incubators, there are people who have the “design” worked out by scientists.

Similar technologies are still important in the present even though five centuries have separated us from events in the story. Scientists are focusing on genetic engineering to help in the creation of individual human designs. According to the beliefs of Mexican Professor Juan Henriquez, in 10-20 years, these technologies will be commonplace. Genetic engineering will start to be utilized to treat illnesses at an early stage of the development of the embryo and it will become essential to millions.

In the year 2018 Chinese Scientist He Jiankui carried out the first-ever experiment in the world to alter the embryonic DNA genome. In the end, 3 children were born with HIV immunity. The scientist was sentenced to three years of prison and a fine of multimillion dollars for activities that were banned by the government. According to the beliefs of the famous scientist Ronald Bailey and some scientists who have access to these technologies in the near future, it will be possible to alter the color of the eyes and hair of children or to give the appearance of certain facial traits.
In his novel, Aldous Huxley posits that due to the development of medical technology, people will cease aging and become beautiful and young. This is a different direction for genetic engineering than the author predicted. Already, experiments that have been successful are being conducted on animals. They have proven that using these technologies, can reduce the speed of the process of aging.

2. Bionic implants
In the book Cyborg, American writer Martin Kaidin predicted the emergence of Bionic prostheses. The novel tells the story of an individual who had the amputated or damaged parts replaced using mechanical devices. This meant that the protagonist received two new legs as well as an iron hand that could serve all the duties of a normal hand.

The first bionic arms were introduced in 1993. It was powered by sensors that linked to the brain. The technology became widespread in 2007. The first prostheses were developed that replicated the fine motor abilities of fingers. They let you utilize a computer mouse as well as secure your shoelaces. Bioprosthetics are now utilized all over the world. Prostheses that are new can adjust to the gait of a person and also remember individual gestures.

The present technology is being developed to not only replace human functions that have been lost but also enhance the existing ones by introducing new capabilities. For instance, through the use of prostheses like these, it is feasible to raise objects weighty for a normal person.

3. Iron man suit
The well-known Tony Stark costume from the Marvel Universe may appear in the special forces of the American army. In 2014, we learned there was a report that said it was reported that the United States was developing a project to create a robotic iron suit for the military. It is believed that the TALOS initiative is likely to be outfitted with the same features as the first Iron Man costume from movies and comic books. Communication Control, navigation, and communication will be incorporated into the. The soldier will be able to continuously monitor the surrounding environment and relay information to the soldier and to the authorities above.

Military personnel will be secured by a liquid ceramic armor that has been developed by using nanotechnology. Biomedical monitoring and thermoregulation will be integrated inside the armor. The only thing it can’t do is fly like Tony Stark. The concept was first announced in 2013, but it was not implemented yet. Open Sources are now able to talk about development.

4. Space tourism
The English futurist writer Arthur Clarke described the idea of space tourism in the year 1961. In his book “Moon Dust”, he describes those who travel to the moon’s natural spacecraft orbiting the Earth to visit tourists. They travel along a path that is brimming with moon dust. Flight attendants are also aboard spacecraft. The director Stanley Kubrick showed a similar scene in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey.

It is interesting to note that space’s first traveler came to light in 2001. American billionaire Denis Tito went on a trip to the ISS and paid $20 million for the trip. Seven tourists were on the flight under the program, all aboard Russian-built ships.

SpaceX President Elon Musk, along with Boeing is looking at the growth for space travel. They are planning to create tourism trips on the Earth as well as on the ISS by 2021’s close. Musk also discusses the possibility of flying to Mars. In the future, according to his theories that a spacecraft would cost approximately $ 100 000.

5. Unmanned vehicles
Soviet scientist and writer Alexander Belyaev wrote about unmanned aircraft in the novel “The Master of the World” in 1926. American David Keller’s brief story “The Living Machine” first described the possibilities of autonomous cars. The concept of autonomous transportation was adopted by a variety of scientists and writers. Her work is seen in novels, films, comics, and novels.

Today, vehicles that are not manned are not a category of wonderful things. Auto steering is present on numerous aircraft, trains as well as some cars. Technology giants like Google and Yandex are currently working on autonomous technologies. A few of these vehicles have already been spotted on the streets. In the United States, self-driving cars provide food and conduct coronavirus tests.
It’s too early to discuss the complete integration of technology that is not manned into the world of society. Developers are still confronted with technical issues and moral dilemmas that are difficult to resolve. For instance, what should the autopilot do in the event of an imminent crash such as rescuing the driver or other people in the vicinity? In the same way, society isn’t fully prepared for the huge rise of self-driving vehicles until we have complete confidence in robotics.

6. Solar energy
In 1911  the American inventor Hugo Gernsback published the scientific popularization novel “Ralph 124C 41+”. According to the author, the novel was meant to educate people about what was to come and be comparable to the speed of progress of science. In his writings, Gernsback predicted television, sound films, tape recorders transcontinental air travel, and space flights. The book also discusses the practical application of solar energy.

The story begins in 2660. However, the advancement of science has radically changed the writer’s thoughts about the future. The first solar-powered gadget was invented in 1978, just 67 years after the predictions by Hugo Gernsback. Scientists predict that by the mid-2020s, all energy sources will be renewable. The sun will be the primary energy source of coal. In 2030, around 70% of all energy consumed in the world will be derived from this kind of production. The use of solar power is now becoming an international trend with China alone, by the year 2020, the amount of solar power installations has increased by a third.
7. “Smart” home
The picture of a house with electrical controls integrated into it is often featured within science-fiction. The character was in the movie Electric Dreams and in the animated show Futurama. The first mentions of the existence of a home like this can be seen in the Ray Bradbury story “There Will Be A Soft Rain” in 1950. This “smart” house of the writer went through a nuclear war, but it was able to keep the peace of the people who have since left in order to frighten away birds and shut the shutters.

In recent times in recent years, it has become apparent that the “smart” home has also gone out of the realm of fantasies. In modern-day apartments, you will find automated voice assistants, self-driving air cleaners, as well as smart video cameras that can call the owner via phone when they spot suspicious movements. Smart homes are becoming increasingly popular inexpensive, cost-effective, and simple to manage. Experts say that over the coming 10 years, “smart” homes will be able to meet the needs of their owners, but also anticipate their requirements. For example, refrigerators can offer healthy meals for owners who crave sweets often.
8. Video communication
In the sci-fi dystopia of 1927, Metropolis video communications are anticipated. In one scene that the filmmakers depict, Chief Brigadier Groth employs a unique device for the time that was the videophone. It was shaped like a machine with a screen as well as an audio receiver.

Today, video communications have become a part of the daily lives of the majority of people across the globe. It allows students to study remotely, work remotely, and contact relatives. In the aftermath of the coronavirus pandemic, video conference has become as ubiquitous as making a phone call. Yet, technology has not yet surpassed all ideas of science fiction. In the film 1989 Back to the Future 2 when video calls were made the screen showed the personal details of the person speaking to him such as his preferred drink, his hobbies, and even the states. It is only time to determine if video technology will be advancing to support this type of technology.

9. 3D printer
A technologically advanced Star Trek media franchise in 1987 predicted the arrival of 3D printers. The printers of the time could quickly create food items and everyday objects, and dispose of them as fast. Today’s 3D printers haven’t yet reached this point and can take anywhere that range from a few hours to months, based on the dimensions that the item. Recycling products can take time too.

3D printing lets you make items using individual drawings and sketches. However, the speed and high price of manufacturing do not permit the technology to enter into fashion. Printers are currently used in the field of medicine to make implants and prostheses that are for human measurements. A few startups are creating artificial meat by using 3D printing. The theory is that this technology can help humanity eliminate slaughterhouses, and will lead to the creation of humane organic products.
10. Universal translator
Another technological innovation directly from Star Trek is universal translators. Prior to the franchise was launched, other science fiction writers discussed the possibility for instant translation of the text into other languages, but Star Trek predicted the technology that is being used in real-life – machine learning. The translator of the series performed as expected only after learning the language using various databases. The more often it was utilized, the better it performed. Modern high-end translators operate according to the same principles.

In the past, RBC Trends published a chapter from the book by the futurologist Daniel Susskind “Future without a Job” The chapter has been translated to Russian via the computer “Yandex. Translate”.

Machine learning can help improve automated translation systems for automated translation. While the original text that went through the translator appeared boring and unnatural, now thanks to millions of users, computers have been trained to translate material that is in live languages. The more well-known the language is in the eyes of its users, the better the quality of the translation will be. The technology has not been perfected, and translation of ambiguous, complex words may cause difficulties However, there is definitely an improvement.

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